Publication Categories

Approaches to Inclusive Education in Kazakhstan

In the 21st century, the contingent of the field of education is becoming more and more diverse, which is a challenge for higher education. The report on human development of the UN (2019), based on global research, states that serious barriers to access to education, academic success, and the well-being […]

University Towns in Kazakhstan: The case of Turkistan

The city of Turkistan has seen tremendous transformations over the past several years. From a small modest provincial city in southern Kazakhstan, it became a developing regional center home to over 200 thousand people. Over the past ten years, its population has increased by nearly 50%, which made it one […]

Central Asia’s Foreign Policy in 2022: Highlights

2022 has brought significant changes to world affairs. The Russian invasion of Ukraine shook the established order of world politics and became one of the most acute conflicts in Europe since World War II. The coalition of the so-called “collective West,” sanctions against Russia, the energy crisis in Europe, and […]

Geopolitical Crisis and Trade in Agricultural Products: Perspectives for Central Asian Countries

Food is a key product in international trade. Global trade in agricultural products improves food security, affects prices, and directly influences many agricultural input-dependent industries. Higher supplies of agricultural and food products keep prices low and stable, which is important for low-income economies. Therefore, the political stability of the global […]

Transforming Education Summit 2022: A New Vision of Challenges and Solutions

One of the biggest global forums on education, the United Nations Education Transformation Summit, was held in New York City from 16 to 19 September 2022. The summit took place during the 77th session of the UN General Assembly and was convened by the Secretary-General to put education at the […]

Policy Dialogue between Central Asia and European Union: Reaffirmation of Interests

On October 27, 2022, Central Asian leaders gathered in Astana for the first regional Central Asia-European Union summit, alongside European Council President Charles Michel. At the summit, the Central Asian presidents, except for Turkmenistan, which was presented by the Deputy Chair of the Cabinet of Ministers, reaffirmed their commitment to […]

The Risks of Inflation in Central Asia

Inflation remains one of the most important challenges for the global economy. Demand and supply shocks, supply chain issues, changes in fiscal and monetary policy, higher production costs, labor market shocks, geopolitical crises, and external instability, including wars and sanctions, cause higher prices. High inflation affects the well-being and expectations […]

Urbanization and spatial demographic trends in Kazakhstan

Like most of the other nations in the world, Kazakhstan is believed to be an urbanizing country. Relocation of people from rural areas to cities has long become a major global trend in most parts of the world and Kazakhstan is not an exception. According to United Nations estimates, nearly […]

Iran Nuclear Deal Crisis: Demands and Reasons

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed by Iran with five permanent members of the UN Security Council or P5 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA), and Germany in 2015. It was about lifting sanctions on Iran in exchange for […]

2022 SCO Summit in Samarkand: Key Takeaways

On September 15–16, 2022, the attention of politicians and the media was riveted at the annual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Samarkand. During the times when serious political and economic transformations are happening across the Eurasian continent, the first in-person gathering of the heads of states after […]