Publication Categories

Does Uzbekistan Turn to the South?

Uzbekistan’s foreign economic policy plays an important role in the implementation of its economic reforms. The country actively supports Central Asian integration, became an observer state in the Eurasian Economic Union, and deepens its cooperation with the European Union and China. At the same time, Uzbekistan’s cooperation with the countries […]

India as a Country with Increasing Energy Demand

According to the latest developments, GAIL, India’s largest gas supplier, announced that it is open to buy Russian oil and gas assets avoided by Western companies after Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine. While European countries and the United States of America (USA) have imposed heavy sanctions on Russia since Moscow sent […]

India’s Stance on Russia-Ukraine Crisis

Since the start of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, India is trying to sit in two chairs at once in its foreign diplomacy. While having a strategic partnership with both the US and Russia, India is avoiding any public condemnation of Russia despite the pressure of the West. India’s formula of […]

A New Phase in Cooperation between Tajikistan and Iran

On May 30, 2022, The President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon arrived in Tehran on an official visit. President Rahmon was accompanied by a large delegation that included advisers for foreign relations, prosecutor-general, ministers of foreign affairs, energy and water resources, economic development and trade, transport, and finance, heads of the […]

Perception of Social Justice and Changes in Its Meaning

On February 20, at the initiative of the UN, the World Day of Social Justice is celebrated all over the world. The concept of “social justice” at first glance seems to be absolutely understandable and transparent, but, as often happens, people sometimes put different content into it. Meanwhile, this concept […]

Side effects of the Russo-Ukrainian War

According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, world military expenditure in 2021 exceeded $2 trillion for the first time. In total, the world has spent $2.113 trillion on defense in 2021, which is a 0.7% real increase compared to 2020. Thus, 2021 has become the seventh consecutive year when […]

Some Aspects of Conspiracy Theories: Causes and Consequences

The desire of a person to know and understand his/her surroundings is not a prerogative only for scholars and analysts, as it may seem. The modern period of history is perceived by ordinary people as complex, even alarming, and their aspiration to explain it in some way or another grows […]

Economic Cooperation between Russia and China

Russia’s economy is under severe pressure after it decided to invade Ukraine. The United States, members of the European Union, and other countries imposed sanctions against Russia. Many representatives of the global corporations, which have been working in Russia for decades, left the country. Russia’s major corporations and banks are […]

Economic Cooperation between Uzbekistan and China

Uzbekistan remains one of the key countries in Central Asia. Since the implementation of the new economic policy, the country’s economic cooperation with external powers, including Russia, China, and the countries of the European Union has deepened considerably. In this sense, China’s presence in Uzbekistan increased significantly. Therefore, this commentary […]

Japan’s Cybersecurity: Perspectives for Kazakhstan

With the acceleration of digitalization processes, many governments reconsidered the importance of cyber security. Penetration of cutting-edge technologies such as AI, Big Data, Internet of Things (IoT), and cloud services require a high level of IT expertise, as well as good governance of cyberspace. Kazakhstan, similar to other countries, has […]