Publication Categories

Policy Dialogue between Central Asia and European Union: Reaffirmation of Interests

On October 27, 2022, Central Asian leaders gathered in Astana for the first regional Central Asia-European Union summit, alongside European Council President Charles Michel. At the summit, the Central Asian presidents, except for Turkmenistan, which was presented by the Deputy Chair of the Cabinet of Ministers, reaffirmed their commitment to […]

The Risks of Inflation in Central Asia

Inflation remains one of the most important challenges for the global economy. Demand and supply shocks, supply chain issues, changes in fiscal and monetary policy, higher production costs, labor market shocks, geopolitical crises, and external instability, including wars and sanctions, cause higher prices. High inflation affects the well-being and expectations […]

Urbanization and spatial demographic trends in Kazakhstan

Like most of the other nations in the world, Kazakhstan is believed to be an urbanizing country. Relocation of people from rural areas to cities has long become a major global trend in most parts of the world and Kazakhstan is not an exception. According to United Nations estimates, nearly […]

Iran Nuclear Deal Crisis: Demands and Reasons

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed by Iran with five permanent members of the UN Security Council or P5 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA), and Germany in 2015. It was about lifting sanctions on Iran in exchange for […]

2022 SCO Summit in Samarkand: Key Takeaways

On September 15–16, 2022, the attention of politicians and the media was riveted at the annual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Samarkand. During the times when serious political and economic transformations are happening across the Eurasian continent, the first in-person gathering of the heads of states after […]

Does Uzbekistan Turn to the South?

Uzbekistan’s foreign economic policy plays an important role in the implementation of its economic reforms. The country actively supports Central Asian integration, became an observer state in the Eurasian Economic Union, and deepens its cooperation with the European Union and China. At the same time, Uzbekistan’s cooperation with the countries […]

India as a Country with Increasing Energy Demand

According to the latest developments, GAIL, India’s largest gas supplier, announced that it is open to buy Russian oil and gas assets avoided by Western companies after Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine. While European countries and the United States of America (USA) have imposed heavy sanctions on Russia since Moscow sent […]

India’s Stance on Russia-Ukraine Crisis

Since the start of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, India is trying to sit in two chairs at once in its foreign diplomacy. While having a strategic partnership with both the US and Russia, India is avoiding any public condemnation of Russia despite the pressure of the West. India’s formula of […]

A New Phase in Cooperation between Tajikistan and Iran

On May 30, 2022, The President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon arrived in Tehran on an official visit. President Rahmon was accompanied by a large delegation that included advisers for foreign relations, prosecutor-general, ministers of foreign affairs, energy and water resources, economic development and trade, transport, and finance, heads of the […]

Perception of Social Justice and Changes in Its Meaning

On February 20, at the initiative of the UN, the World Day of Social Justice is celebrated all over the world. The concept of “social justice” at first glance seems to be absolutely understandable and transparent, but, as often happens, people sometimes put different content into it. Meanwhile, this concept […]