A Brief Analysis of Pakistan Economy in the Context of Regional Developments*
Pakistan has an important geographical position for Central Asia. Not only the geographical position but also the common social and religion ties between Pakistan and most of the other Central Asian countries have been important factors that help Pakistan to increase collaboration with the other region countries. However, like most of […]
Kazakhstan’s New Silk Road Project
Nowadays, we are witnessing the beginning of the entirely new phase of infrastructural modernization in the Eurasian states. The countries of the region realized that there is a strong necessity to work actively in order to create a unified platform for improvement of transport infrastructure and logistics, as well as […]
The South Caucasus is Still Insecure: The Latest Development over the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
The South Caucasus region is still experiencing instability due to the enduring conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the self-declared Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The landlocked mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh located within the territory of Azerbaijan, and populated by ethnic Armenian majority. The origin of conflict began in 1988, when Armenia made […]
New Russian Gas Politics or Adapting to a Changing Gas Trading Dynamics in Central Asia?
Inherited gas pipeline infrastructure, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, turned Russia into a monopolist on moving Central Asian energy resources to external markets in the 1990s and the first decade of 2000s. Possessing almost complete control over the transportation of the Central Asian gas abroad Russian authorities were […]
Kyrgyzstan in Eurasian Economic Union: Benefits and Losses
Kyrgyzstan’s accession to Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) has been a hot topic for academics, Kyrgyz officials and public interested to the topic to discuss the risks and opportunities it brings to Kyrgyzstan. The main clashing arguments were labor migration; agricultural sector and financial support from Russia to Kyrgyzstan on the […]
Azerbaijan and Russia: Prospects for Energy Cooperation
Recently, Azerbaijan and Russia declared their intention to strengthen energy relations at the official level through participation in new and ongoing projects. For instance, on June 8, 2015 Assistant to the President of Russia, Yuri Ushakov, informed about the intent to establish a bilateral high-level working group on the issues […]
Overview of the Climate Change Conference in Paris
The United Nations Climate Change Conference is held in Paris in the period from November 30, 2015 to December 11, 2015. The Conference is the 21 session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (1992) and the 11th session of the […]
How Tension between Russia and Turkey Could Affect Trade Relations between Turkey and Kazakhstan?
The aircraft incident, which escalated the tensions between Russia and Turkey, has turned into a regional duello of both diplomatic and economic maneuvers. After violating, the Turkish airspace according to engagement rules Russian aircraft have been shot down by Turkish air forces causing a political headache and significant amount of […]
How Climate Change Affected 2016: Hottest Year in Record*
2016 turned out to be the hottest year on record. Moreover, with 2014 and 2015 previously winning the title of the hottest year, 2016 becomes third one in a row. Besides, 16 out of 17 hottest years on instrumental temperature record took place in the 21st century. The sixth place belonging […]
Is the Iran–Turkmenistan Gas Trade Coming to the End?
Iran, according to the BP Statistical Review 2015, is currently placed first with 34 trillion cubic meters of gas reserves, followed by Russia (32.6 trillion cubic meters) and Qatar (24.5 trillion cubic meters). Having possessed tremendous amount of gas, hypothetically, Iran can easily meet its both domestic needs and external […]