Publication Categories

Economic Cooperation between Central Asia and the European Union

Countries of Central Asia consider cooperation with the European Union (EU-27) as one of the most important strategic directions. They intend to intensify trade with the EU countries and attract investments. The EU remains important due to different factors, including the market size, income level, standards, competition, and trade rules. […]

Turkey as the Most Important Non-EU Partner of Moldova

The Turkish Minister of Foreign Affair Mevlut Cavusoglu has recently been on a working visit to Moldova where he met with the Moldovan President Maia Sandu to mainly discuss issues of bilateral economic cooperation, trade, and investments [, 2021]. The sides keenly agreed to increase the amount of bilateral trade […]

The Future Work Is a Hybrid Model

Traditional working models have gone through a series of changes where new working models are increasingly taking part in our lives. The majority of the working model was offline and working in the offices has gone through a major modification during the COVID-19 pandemic era forcing many to work online […]

Afghanistan: A New Variable in Equation

The withdrawal of the United States (U.S.) from Afghanistan after 20 years has brought many unexpected circumstances for the region in general and to Afghanistan in particular. It is argued that withdrawal of the U.S. is quick and clumsy leading to chaos on a certain level in the country. The […]

Turkmenistan-Iran Energy Cooperation in the Context of Natural Gas Pipelines

Diplomatic relations between Turkmenistan and Iran started with Turkmenistan’s independence in 1991 and Iran was one of the first countries who recognized the sovereignty of Turkmenistan. From this date on, an intense relationship has started to be established between the two countries in the fields of energy, infrastructure and economy. […]

Eurasia Battle for Electric Batteries: View from Ukraine

The world shift towards decarbonization and achieving complete electricity generations from renewable energy sources (RES) creates a new power configuration in energy geopolitics. Apart from global state competition for investment in green projects (e.g., power stations, hydrogen infrastructure, carbon capture utilization & sequestration facilities), there is an ongoing trend in […]

The Crypto Ban, Great Migration and Bitcoin Mining in Kazakhstan

In July 2021, the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance (CCAF), one of the leading research institutes in the world focusing on non-traditional financial instruments, which came into prominence, among other things, for the Cambridge Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index (CBECI) [, 2021], a real-time index that tracks the total electricity consumption […]

Do Central Asian Countries Export Urbanization?

Currently, Central Asia is among the largest labor-exporting regions in the world. Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan rely very much on remittances sent by their citizens working abroad. According to the World Bank, remittances comprise about 28.4% of the GDP of Kyrgyzstan making it the second country in terms of remittances […]

The Court of the Eurasian Economic Union

The Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) is one of the recent regional trade agreements. Despite the idea of Eurasian integration has a long history and was proposed by the first President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev in the early 1990-s, Kazakhstan together with Belarus and Russia formed a customs union only in […]

Kazakhstan’s Aspirations in Climate Change Policy

During an international conference “Ways to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement and Kazakhstan’s carbon neutrality” on October 13, 2021, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev reaffirmed the country’s commitment to climate change policy. While emphasizing the need for urgent modification of fuel and energy structures, update of industry policies and regulations, […]