Publication Categories

The Effect of Sanctions on Iranian Economy

An agreement on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed be-tween Iran and P5 + 1 countries (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council: China, France, Russia, USA, UK and Germany) in 2015, in which Tehran’s nuclear activities were regulated and controlled in exchange for the […]


Relationship between Intellectual Development and Poverty

A number of social and life science studies show that living in poverty significantly increases the likelihood of incarceration, homelessness, being a single parent, dropping out of high school, and even dying at an earlier age. What’s more, some evidence also tells us that poverty and the stress associated with […]


China’s Water Projects in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Their Possible Effects

China is constantly faced with the problem of meeting its increasing demand for energy and natural resources and its large consumption needs has ever grown in parallel with its rapid economic growth in the last 30 years. There-fore China, which focuses on industrial production aiming for more efficiency and more […]


A General Evaluation on Migration and Multiculturalism

History witnesses a constant spatial mobility of human beings for political, economic and ecological reasons. This mobility has occurred individually or collectively in various dimensions, in the historical process. Human mobility, which started in the 4th century AD and continued uninterrupted, with the Migration of Tribes, known as the first […]


China’s and India’a Summits with Central Asia: Latest Developments

On January 25, 2022, China hosted a virtual summit to commemorate the 30th anniversary of diplomatic ties with the Central Asian states. Two days later, on January 27th, India also gathered all central Asian leaders to celebrate the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations. Heads of states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, […]


The Caspian Sea with the Status of “Lake with Marine Elements”: Suitable for which Country?

The Caspian Sea is the world’s largest inland body of water with an area of approximately 398 thousand square kilometers. Along with its large hydrocarbon reserves, the Caspian Sea is home to 90% of the world’s sturgeon stocks. More than 20 animals and about 20 plant species grow in the […]


Border Clashes in Afghanistan since the Taliban Takeover

The first five months since the withdrawal of US troops and the forces of its NATO allies and operational partners, which led to a hasty Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, have been marked with recurrent border disputes and armed clashes, the most recent incident of which became the shootings at the […]


Recent Changes in Foreign Trade of Russia

The foreign trade of Russia demonstrates significant changes. It is well known that Russia remains an important supplier of crude oil and natural gas on the global market. However, recently the country started to demonstrate changes in its trade patterns. The country is actively developing its manufacturing and agricultural sectors […]


Science in Kazakhstan: Current Situation and New Developments

When we look at the latest scientific and technological developments in the world, we can see that science covers almost all areas of our lives. In recent years, many changes and innovations have been implemented in Kazakhstan in terms of scientific developments. As it is known, many scientific project announcements […]


Shanghai Cooperation Organization: History and Role in Regional Security

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an international organization that was established in 1996 with the members of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. From its first meeting of the leaders of five countries in 1996 during 20 years it has become an international organization. Russian and Chinese are the two […]