Publication Categories

Natural Gas Pipeline Infrastructure in Central Asia

Central Asian region possesses huge amount of gas reserves: Turkmenistan – 17.5 trillion m3 , Uzbekistan – 1.6 trillion m3 , Kazakhstan – 1.9 trillion m3 . However, in the land–locked Central Asian context, it is not the amount of resources beneath the ground that determines gas market interactions, but […]

Armenia – Russia Relations ın the Framework of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

The Collective Security Treaty Organizations (CSTO) is a successor of the Collective Security Treaty (CST), which was signed on the 15th of May, 1992 by newly independent states such as Armenia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. Later in 1993, Belarus, Azerbaijan and Georgia joined the Treaty. As a result […]

Cultural Dimension of China’s New Silk Road Initiative

The most obvious incarnation of revitalization of China’s efforts to strengthen its presence in Eurasia became the Chinese New Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) and the XXI century Marine Silk Road united into the so called One Belt, One Road Initiative, which has become one of the most iconic and […]

Regional Identity Formation in Central Asia from Historical Perspective

During the history of humanity, the identity issues have always played an important role in influencing the course of political and socio-economic processes. Models and approaches of the identity formation have been changed over time and each period of history has its own specific model of identity formation. People have […]

Threat from Afghanistan in the Central Asian Security Agenda

Over the past several years, the Central Asian republics have expressed their concern regarding the security issues ascending from the rising destabilization in Afghanistan. For many years, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has represented the most substantial security challenge for the Central Asian landscape. Therefore, the withdrawal of the military […]

Cooperation of the Central Asian Countries on the Issue of Revival of the Aral Sea

In 1960s the Aral Sea was the fourth largest sea in the world. However, over the years, the sea has been gradually shrinking, leading to one of the greatest global environmental catastrophes of the desiccation of the Aral Sea. Agricultural water withdrawal and construction of major dams is the main […]

Kazakhstan’s Project on Extending the Aktau International Sea Trade Port to the North

Located on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea, the Aktau International Sea Trade Port is the only maritime gate of land-locked Kazakhstan enabling transportation of dry cargoes, grain, crude oil and petroleum products by sea. Situated at the crossroad of the international transport corridors such as the Europe – […]

The Central Asian Policy of Japan

Due to the geopolitical location and the natural resources of Central Asia wide range of nations has focused its attention on the region, developing various strategies towards the regional states. Japan is one of those nations. In the early years of independence of the Central Asian countries, Japan did not […]


Theoretically, deposits are the best source of funding for the banks in terms of availability and cost. Due to the significant developments in financial markets in 1990’s and 2000’s, the share of deposits in banks’ funding slightly decreased. However, after 2008 global financial crisis, this type of funding regained its […]

The Angren-Pap Railway as an Important Link of the China Central Asia-Europe International Transit Corridor

Due to its geographical location the Republic of Uzbekistan is far away from seaports and international transit routes leading to them. Therefore, since getting its independence in 1991, the country has begun construction of new railways in order to create integral railway system. Over the years of independence, Uzbekistan implemented […]