Publication Categories

The Impact of Aral Sea on Ecological Migration: The Case of Kyzylorda Region

Various environmental problems have emerged in the territory of Kazakhstan, causing different tensions in the regions during recent years. One of them is the Aral Sea problem, which has emerged as a result of anthropogenic activities. It is well known that the drying up of the Aral Sea has turned […]


Lessons from the World University Rankings: The Chinese Experience

Autumn is the time for summing up the results in many areas of activity and drawing up annual international rankings as the most important tool for assessment and orientation. The World University Rankings 2022, which has already become traditional, gives an idea of the status of the best educational institutions […]


Bringing Turkmen Gas to the European Market: Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline

According to the British Petroleum (BP) Statistical Review, Turkmenistan is the world’s fourth-largest natural gas giant with proven natural gas reserves of 19.5 trillion cubic meters, after Russia (38 trillion cubic meters), Iran (32 trillion cubic meters) and Qatar (24.7 trillion cubic meters). Thus, Turkmenistan ac-counts for 9.8% of the […]


Agricultural Development Indicators of the Turkistan Region

Various agricultural areas have been developed depending on the natural and climatic conditions of Kazakhstan. Animal husbandry, horticulture, agriculture and fishing are among them. About 80% of Kazakhstan’s total land area is suitable for agriculture, about 11% of this is the land reserved for cultivation. In general, there are 22.582.3 […]


The 20th Anniversary of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: State of Affairs

The anniversary summit of the SCO Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) chaired by Tajik President Emomali Rahmon was held in Dushanbe on September 17, 2020. Attended by the presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan as member states, and Belarus, Iran as SCO observer states, […]


What Drives Higher Food Prices: Examples from Central Asia

Food prices are one of the most important indicators, which play an important role in economic and political stability. Food prices depend on a variety of factors, including growth in demand (mainly from Asian countries), financial market speculations, export restrictions, weather shocks, productivity slow-down, currency depreciation, rising oil prices, biofuels […]


Connected by Waters: The Issue of Water as a Factor of Regional Cooperation in Central Asia

It is well known that water scarcity is one of the most serious challenges that Central Asia is about to face in the near future. According to the World Resources Institute, Turkmenistan is among the top 17 countries that face extremely high water stress; Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan are in the […]


Agenda of Cooperation in Central Asia According To Common Interests

At a time when the political and security issues in the region became more and more important, a consultation meeting was held under the chairmanship of the leaders of the Central Asian states, President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov, President of Tajikistan Imamali Rahman, President of […]


The Coming to Power of the Taliban in Afghanistan: Regional and Global Effects

With the withdrawal of the US and NATO troops from Afghanistan, the Taliban, who progressed step by step, took the capital Kabul with an unexpected speed on August 15th 2021, without a war, once again shocked the whole world. There is a serious chaos in Afghanistan with the fall of […]


Creation of the Central Asian Higher Educational Area: Prospects for Regional Internationalization

On June 18, 2021, an agreement to create a unified higher education area in the Central Asian region – the Turkestan Declaration was signed by the ministers of education of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. By establishing the Central Asian Higher Educational Area (CAHEA), Central Asian representatives aspire to enhance […]