Publication Categories

Foreign Trade of Uzbekistan

International trade plays a crucial role for Uzbekistan. The country has been one of the most important suppliers of agricultural products, including cotton, fruits, and vegetables. Since independence, Uzbekistan started to conduct gradual reforms. Import-substitution policy with strong protection of the internal market were the features of the country’s economy. […]


COVID-19 Pandemic and Remittances to Central Asia

From the very beginning, the negative impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on international human mobility, particularly labor migration, due to closed borders and travel restrictions would seem unavoidable, as the United Nations report suggested, between July 2019 to June 2020 alone international migration de-creased by about 27 percent, with […]


Humanities and Culture Projects: Support and Funding

The issue of supporting and funding cultural and humanitarian research, projects, and programs has been and remains challenging for many countries. The essence of humanitarian and cultural activities is that they do not generate significant income, do not lend themselves to commercialization as techno-logical or natural science branches of knowledge. […]


Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine: Not In the Commonwealth Of Independent States Any More, Not In the European Union Yet

Since recently, Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia have been engaging in active mutual cooperation in their pursuit of European integration. All three states signed their respective association agreements with the “European Union (“EU”)” in 2014. On June 24, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the three countries held meetings with the […]


International Nuclear Politics: Why Do Countries Want To Have Nuclear Weapons?

Any weapon that creates an explosion as a result of the release of energy by a chemical reaction of atomic nuclei through fission, fusion, or the mixing of both is generally called a nuclear weapon. The first use of nuclear weapons in international relations was realized by the United States […]


A Brief Review on Youth Policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

As of today, the population of Kazakhstan, which is approaching 19 million, has an average age of 30.7 recorded in 2020. With this average, almost half of the population of Kazakhstan, which ranks 114th in the world, is under the age of 29. The ratio of the population be-tween the […]


Current Status and Expectations of Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has the potential to be one of the important tourism centers among Central Asian countries with its natural beauties, historical and cultural richness. One of these opportunities is nature tourism. Due to its mountainous terrain where the Tian Shan Mountains cover 65% of Kyrgyzstan’s land it is often referred […]


The Refugee Deal between Turkey and the European Union: Request to Renew the Deal

The conflict between the regime forces and the opposition that took place in Syria in 2011 turned into a civil war, causing one of the largest migration flows in recent history. Millions of Syrians, who are forced to leave their homes for security reasons, migrate to safe areas within the […]


Sadyr Japarov’s Era in Kyrgyzstan: An Evaluation on Foreign Policy and Economic Developments

The constitutional amendment referendum and local council elections (kenesh) were held together in Kyrgyzstan on April 11th 2021. According to the Kyrgyzstan Central Election Commission (CEC), while 1.295.096 people (39.09%) voted in the local council elections, 1.338.717 people (37.12%) voted for the referendum in 2.483 ballot boxes throughout the country. […]


Revitalization of the Silk Road and Possible Benefits for Kazakhstan

When we compare our age with two thousand years ago, it can be easy to be fooled by the illusion of the superiority of modern civilization, technology, and communication. How-ever, despite the passage of a long time, one of the achievements of that period that surprised our imagination was the […]