February 1, 2022

Turkmenistan-Russia Energy Cooperation in the Context of Natural Gas Trading

In 2003, during the visit of the President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov to Moscow, two key agreements were signed, focused on cooperation in the energy sector and interaction in the field of security [, 2003]. The priority area of cooperation between the two states has always been the oil and […]
May 5, 2021

Latest Developments in TurkStream Natural Gas Pipeline

Turkey is an important country that functions as a bridge in the transportation of energy resources between producer and consumer countries. The TurkStream natural gas pipeline project, which targets the European market, strengthens the position of Turkey by transferring the Russian gas via the Black Sea to Turkey and then […]
October 24, 2020

Positive Neutrality Based on Gas Exports: Overview of Turkmenistan’s Foreign Policy

Turkmenistan, under its first president Saparmurat Niyazov, proclaimed its permanent neutrality status on December 12, 1995, when the UN General Assembly adopted a special resolution on the issue, which was backed by a relevant constitutional law. Since then, the doctrine of ‘positive neutrality’ has become the basis of the country’s […]