Energy

July 25, 2022

China as Russia’s First Alternative Route in Natural Gas Exports

After the European sanctions and the decision to give up Russian natural gas in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in the past days, Moscow has started to look for alternative markets instead of the European market. Considering that Russia did not cut off gas flow to Europe even during […]
May 12, 2022

Russia-Ukraine Crisis and European Union Energy Concern

After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the sanctions against the Kremlin, led by Western countries, are increasing day by day. On February 25th 2022, one day after Russian troops attacked Ukraine at the behest of Vladimir Putin, the US, EU, UK and Canada and some of their allies announced a series […]
March 1, 2022

Turkey-Russia Energy Cooperation on Natural Gas

Turkey, with the fastest increase in energy demand, has been among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries in the last 20 years. In this period, Turkey ranks second in the world after China in the increase in electricity and natural gas demand. In this regard, Turkey is approximately […]
November 22, 2021

Turkmenistan-Iran Energy Cooperation in the Context of Natural Gas Pipelines

Diplomatic relations between Turkmenistan and Iran started with Turkmenistan’s independence in 1991 and Iran was one of the first countries who recognized the sovereignty of Turkmenistan. From this date on, an intense relationship has started to be established between the two countries in the fields of energy, infrastructure and economy. […]
November 22, 2021

Eurasia Battle for Electric Batteries: View from Ukraine

The world shift towards decarbonization and achieving complete electricity generations from renewable energy sources (RES) creates a new power configuration in energy geopolitics. Apart from global state competition for investment in green projects (e.g., power stations, hydrogen infrastructure, carbon capture utilization & sequestration facilities), there is an ongoing trend in […]
October 22, 2021

Energy Policies of Turkmenistan: Importance and Perspectives of TAPI Natural Gas Pipeline

According to the BP Statistical Review, Turkmenistan is the world’s fourth-largest natural gas giant with proven natural gas reserves of 19.5 trillion cubic meters, after Russia (38 trillion cubic meters), Iran (32 trillion cubic meters) and Qatar (24.7 trillion cubic meters). Thus, Turkmenistan accounts for 9.8% of the world’s proven […]
July 8, 2021

International Nuclear Politics: Why Do Countries Want To Have Nuclear Weapons?

Any weapon that creates an explosion as a result of the release of energy by a chemical reaction of atomic nuclei through fission, fusion, or the mixing of both is generally called a nuclear weapon. The first use of nuclear weapons in international relations was realized by the United States […]
May 11, 2021

Prospects and Problems of the Kashagan Field

The Kashagan offshore oil and natural gas field is one of the largest and most operationally difficult field in the northern part of the Caspian Sea, which spans to an are of 75 kilometre (km) by 45 km, with 36.6 billion barrels of oil and 1 trillion cubic meters of […]
May 5, 2021

Latest Developments in TurkStream Natural Gas Pipeline

Turkey is an important country that functions as a bridge in the transportation of energy resources between producer and consumer countries. The TurkStream natural gas pipeline project, which targets the European market, strengthens the position of Turkey by transferring the Russian gas via the Black Sea to Turkey and then […]
April 17, 2021

Economic Effects of Renewable Energy Development

Renewable energy development is one of the key priorities for both developed and developing countries. Many studies focus on renewable energy-climate interaction [Jones and Warner, 2016]. At the same time, benefits from renewable energy development are wide. They vary from job creation to its positive contribution to economic growth. Renewable […]