International Relations

May 3, 2022

30th Year of Diplomatic Relations between Türkiye and Turkic Republics

Türkiye was the first country to establish diplomatic relations with the Turkic Republics and to open an embassy in 1991. Culture, language, religion and social affinity and ties from the past between Türkiye and the Turkic Republics have been important factors in the shaping and development of relations between these […]
March 14, 2022

China’s and India’a Summits with Central Asia: Latest Developments

On January 25, 2022, China hosted a virtual summit to commemorate the 30th anniversary of diplomatic ties with the Central Asian states. Two days later, on January 27th, India also gathered all central Asian leaders to celebrate the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations. Heads of states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, […]
February 7, 2022

Shanghai Cooperation Organization: History and Role in Regional Security

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an international organization that was established in 1996 with the members of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. From its first meeting of the leaders of five countries in 1996 during 20 years it has become an international organization. Russian and Chinese are the two […]
February 2, 2022

Post-Pandemic India-Central Asia Dialogue

On December 19, 2021, the first time after the COVID-19 breakout, Ministers of Foreign Affairs of India and Central Asian states met in New Delhi for the third meeting of the India-Central Asia Dialogue. The dialogue meeting was chaired by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, Dr S. Jaishankar. […]
February 1, 2022

Turkmenistan-Russia Energy Cooperation in the Context of Natural Gas Trading

In 2003, during the visit of the President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov to Moscow, two key agreements were signed, focused on cooperation in the energy sector and interaction in the field of security [Kremlin.ru, 2003]. The priority area of cooperation between the two states has always been the oil and […]
January 28, 2022

Iranian Nuclear Deal Crisis

The “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action” (JCPOA) agreement signed in 2015 during the period of Barack Obama was repeatedly criticized by Donald Trump, who was elected as the President of the United States of America (USA) in 2017. Stating that the agreement did not cover Iran’s ballistic missile program, Trump, […]
January 24, 2022

Ethnocultural and Spiritual Dimension of Turkistan in the Integration of the Turkic World

Cultural revival in Turkistan is becoming a major platform for rapprochement with the Turkic world in the foreign policy of Kazakhstan. The current political and economic situation in the Turkic-speaking countries of the world requires mutual integration. In this regard, Turkistan, the spiritual capital of the Turkic states, has sufficient […]
December 27, 2021

Economic Cooperation between Central Asia and the European Union

Countries of Central Asia consider cooperation with the European Union (EU-27) as one of the most important strategic directions. They intend to intensify trade with the EU countries and attract investments. The EU remains important due to different factors, including the market size, income level, standards, competition, and trade rules. […]
December 27, 2021

Turkey as the Most Important Non-EU Partner of Moldova

The Turkish Minister of Foreign Affair Mevlut Cavusoglu has recently been on a working visit to Moldova where he met with the Moldovan President Maia Sandu to mainly discuss issues of bilateral economic cooperation, trade, and investments [Moldpres.md, 2021]. The sides keenly agreed to increase the amount of bilateral trade […]
December 24, 2021

A New Turning Point in the Integration of the Turkic World: “Turkic World Vision-2040”

The 8th Summit of the Turkic Council, held in Istanbul on November 12th 2021, can be considered as a turning point in various aspects. First of all, the Turkic Council (Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking Countries), which was the result of a process started in 1992 was trans-formed into the […]