November 9, 2022

Urbanization and spatial demographic trends in Kazakhstan

Like most of the other nations in the world, Kazakhstan is believed to be an urbanizing country. Relocation of people from rural areas to cities has long become a major global trend in most parts of the world and Kazakhstan is not an exception. According to United Nations estimates, nearly […]
October 25, 2022

Economic Cooperation of Kazakhstan and Russia: Risks and Perspectives

Russia is one of the key economic partners of Kazakhstan in terms of trade and investments. The countries jointly implement many important projects. However, since the Ukrainian invasion and international sanctions and pressure, economic cooperation with Russia may bring substantial costs for Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries. Therefore, this […]
June 29, 2022

Kazakhstan’s Constitutional Referendum: “The State that Listens to the Voice of the People”

A referendum was held for the amendments and new regulations to be made in the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan on June 5th 2022. According to the Central Referendum Commission, 7,985,769 (68.05%) of 11,734,642 voters participated in the referendum and of 6,163,516 people voted yes in the referendum, while […]
May 7, 2022

Flood Threat in Kazakhstan: Is the Source of the Problem Natural Causes or the Human Factor?

Due to the accelerating global-scale air pollution, the emission of various gasses into the atmosphere without much treatment increases the level of global warming. According to the United Nations data, the average global temperature has increased by 1.1°C since the industrialization period. Global warming, along with rising average temperatures, causes […]
February 21, 2022

Science in Kazakhstan: Current Situation and New Developments

When we look at the latest scientific and technological developments in the world, we can see that science covers almost all areas of our lives. In recent years, many changes and innovations have been implemented in Kazakhstan in terms of scientific developments. As it is known, many scientific project announcements […]
November 22, 2021

The Crypto Ban, Great Migration and Bitcoin Mining in Kazakhstan

In July 2021, the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance (CCAF), one of the leading research institutes in the world focusing on non-traditional financial instruments, which came into prominence, among other things, for the Cambridge Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index (CBECI) [Cbeci.org, 2021], a real-time index that tracks the total electricity consumption […]
November 22, 2021

Kazakhstan’s Aspirations in Climate Change Policy

During an international conference “Ways to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement and Kazakhstan’s carbon neutrality” on October 13, 2021, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev reaffirmed the country’s commitment to climate change policy. While emphasizing the need for urgent modification of fuel and energy structures, update of industry policies and regulations, […]
November 4, 2021

The Impact of Aral Sea on Ecological Migration: The Case of Kyzylorda Region

Various environmental problems have emerged in the territory of Kazakhstan, causing different tensions in the regions during recent years. One of them is the Aral Sea problem, which has emerged as a result of anthropogenic activities. It is well known that the drying up of the Aral Sea has turned […]
August 27, 2021

English Language as a Prerequisite for the Development of Kazakhstan

According to the annual report by Education First (EF), Kazakhstan ranks very low among other countries in terms of the English proficiency level. In 2020, it ranked 92nd in the English Proficiency Index list among 100 countries around the world [EF, 2020]. The situation looks somehow contradictory because multilingual education […]
July 3, 2021

A Brief Review on Youth Policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

As of today, the population of Kazakhstan, which is approaching 19 million, has an average age of 30.7 recorded in 2020. With this average, almost half of the population of Kazakhstan, which ranks 114th in the world, is under the age of 29. The ratio of the population be-tween the […]