Zharmukhamed Zardykhan

Zharmukhamed Zardykhan

Senior Research fellow

Dr. Zardykhan had completed his Ph.D. dissertation in 2007 at Bilkent University on Pan-Islamic appeals and Holy war propaganda in Ottoman-Russian confrontation during the First World War. He holds two MA degrees from Bilkent University and Central European University. His primary research interests include Eurasian history, Middle East Politics, International Security, Ethnic and Religious conflicts, nationalism and identity formation, and he had published in several prominent journals including Middle Eastern Studies, Asian Ethnicity and Central Asian Survey.

Staff's Publications

February 28, 2022

Border Clashes in Afghanistan since the Taliban Takeover

The first five months since the withdrawal of US troops and the forces of its NATO allies and operational partners, which led to a hasty Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, have been marked with recurrent border disputes and armed clashes, the most recent incident of which became the shootings at the […]
February 1, 2022

Foreign Direct Investments in the Era of Pandemic: Perspectives for the Eurasian Region

Despite the fact that the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak during 2002-2004 caused by the first known zoonotic coronavirus affected a relatively small number of people and countries, its negative impact on the financial flows, particularly Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), was well noticed by financial analysts, although the final […]
November 22, 2021

The Crypto Ban, Great Migration and Bitcoin Mining in Kazakhstan

In July 2021, the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance (CCAF), one of the leading research institutes in the world focusing on non-traditional financial instruments, which came into prominence, among other things, for the Cambridge Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index (CBECI) [Cbeci.org, 2021], a real-time index that tracks the total electricity consumption […]
November 15, 2021

The Current Coal Crisis in China and Perspectives for the Eurasian Region

Almost about a year after the impressive climate target pledge expressed by the Chinese President Xi Jinping at the 75th Session of The United Nations General Assembly in September 2020, where in pursuit of “a green recovery of the world economy in the post-COVID era” the country aimed at carbon […]
October 22, 2021

The Current Refugee Crisis in Afghanistan and Implications for Regional Countries

As was well expected in despair long before the fall of the Afghan government and the drastic Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, the massive influx of refugees driven by warfare, famine and fear of persecutions turned into a full-fledged global crisis, affecting lives, security and welfare of millions of people inside […]
September 27, 2021

The Current Crisis in Afghanistan and Its Implications for the Central Asian Security

Although the fading governmental control and the revival of the Taliban militancy had gradually marked the state of affairs in Afghanistan for the last few years, the recent surge of the Taliban expansion was inevitably linked with President Joe Biden’s decision to end the US military presence in Afghanistan uttered […]
July 22, 2021

COVID-19 Pandemic and Remittances to Central Asia

From the very beginning, the negative impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on international human mobility, particularly labor migration, due to closed borders and travel restrictions would seem unavoidable, as the United Nations report suggested, between July 2019 to June 2020 alone international migration de-creased by about 27 percent, with […]
May 11, 2021

Kazakhstan Deals With the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Migration

Today, after more than a year since the declaration of global pandemic around mid-March 2020, we are finally able to contemplate its tremendous impact on all spheres of life, most of which could now be examined in a new light, as various local and global statistical data and analyses for […]
March 28, 2021

Central Asia at the Crossroad of the Vaccine Diplomacy Rush

As it turns out, the political and economic potential of the vaccine, especially its instrumental role in foreign policy, were duly notices from the early days of its invention in the late 18th century. What would be more striking throughout history, though, was the peacekeeping, rather than confrontational, effect of […]
March 19, 2021

Global Arms Trade and Implications for the Central Asian Region

A few weeks ago, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the leading international research institute on armed conflict, military expenditure and arms trade, presented its extensive annual Arms Industry Database for 2019 that elucidates the current state of affairs in the field of development and transfer of military technology […]