Publications

Every nation and every civilization has its founding values. On this basis, it would not be an exaggeration to say that Abai Kunanbaiuly is at the forefront of the national, spiritual and cultural values of the Kazakh society. When we consider the sources and environment that shape intellectual and literary […]

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which started in February 2022, affected not only Moscow-Kiev relations, but also global and regional balances. The war which gradually deepened raised the security concerns for all European countries which also brought the European Union (EU) and Russia relations into a new turning point. Because the […]

Due to the accelerating global-scale air pollution, the emission of various gasses into the atmosphere without much treatment increases the level of global warming. According to the United Nations data, the average global temperature has increased by 1.1°C since the industrialization period. Global warming, along with rising average temperatures, causes […]

China is constantly faced with the problem of meeting its increasing demand for energy and natural resources and its large consumption needs has ever grown in parallel with its rapid economic growth in the last 30 years. There-fore China, which focuses on industrial production aiming for more efficiency and more […]

History witnesses a constant spatial mobility of human beings for political, economic and ecological reasons. This mobility has occurred individually or collectively in various dimensions, in the historical process. Human mobility, which started in the 4th century AD and continued uninterrupted, with the Migration of Tribes, known as the first […]

The Caspian Sea is the world’s largest inland body of water with an area of approximately 398 thousand square kilometers. Along with its large hydrocarbon reserves, the Caspian Sea is home to 90% of the world’s sturgeon stocks. More than 20 animals and about 20 plant species grow in the […]

Social Democrat politician Olaf Scholz was approved as the new Federal Chancellor of the country by voting in the 20th term Bundestag of the Federal Republic of Germany on December 8th 2021. Olaf Scholz, who won 395 of the 707 votes used in the 736- member Bundestag, officially took the […]

The 8th Summit of the Turkic Council, held in Istanbul on November 12th 2021, can be considered as a turning point in various aspects. First of all, the Turkic Council (Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking Countries), which was the result of a process started in 1992 was trans-formed into the […]

Various environmental problems have emerged in the territory of Kazakhstan, causing different tensions in the regions during recent years. One of them is the Aral Sea problem, which has emerged as a result of anthropogenic activities. It is well known that the drying up of the Aral Sea has turned […]

Throughout the history, Turkic world has never given up the ideology of becoming together and establishing global peace and order. In this context, many attempts have been made and some successes have been achieved individually. Today, cooperation processes are tried to be developed in an updated context within many organizations. […]

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